Of all the coffee-producing countries, Ethiopia is perhaps the most fascinating. Its popularity came from the unusual, astonishing coffees it can produce in high quantity. The floral and fruity coffee from Ethiopia was noticed by many professionals in the industry.
Ethiopia is called the birthplace of coffee. It was here where it was consumed by humans, initially as a fruit rather than a beverage. Yemen was the first country to grow coffee as a crop, but it had been exported from Ethiopia in 1600.
Ethiopia’s coffee production is divided into three main categories, depending on their method of production.
These come from the wild trees from nature, this can be found mostly in the southwest of the country. These trees usually have a mixture of natural shade plants around them. The harvest and yield of these trees are low compared to the consciously planted coffee trees.
These are coffees from trees typically planted in household gardens. The tree has less natural shade. Many farmers use some fertilizer on their plants. This type of coffee makes up most of Ethiopia’s production.
These coffees come from trees grown on larger farms. They are prepared with agricultural practices such as pruning, and mulching.
Interest returned to Ethiopian coffee in the early 1800s, when there was recorded the highest number of the export of one hundred quintals of coffee from Enerea, an area of modern-day Ethiopia. In the 1950s there was a time of increased structure in the Ethiopian coffee industry and a new grading system.
In 1991 when the country moved towards democracy the international markets opened up for Ethiopia. However, that caused fluctuating market prices. Coffee farmers in Ethiopia, in particular, have had to survive large, uncontrollable price swings. This has given rise to the formation of cooperatives, offering support to the local farmers. They were offered help with funding, market information, and transport.
It is possible to find Ethiopian coffee in a single area, though it’s relatively hard. However, the roaster may simply have bought a coffee that had come through the ECX and it could still be amazing despite its lack of transparency. These coffees have much to offer in taste if it’s chosen carefully.
Once difficult to trace, the quality and origin of coffee are becoming more traceable. This allows consumers to make their choices based on more information about where and how their coffee is harvested.
The flavors of Ethiopian coffees are diverse. You can find anything from citrus, often bergamot, and florals to candied fruit or even tropical fruit flavors. The best-washed coffees can be elegant, complex, and delicious when they are prepared correctly.